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The other EFE 60cm gauge branches: 3 Linares to Colbún

This was the shortest of the five 60 cm gauge state railway branches, and also the simplest in that it ran for its whole length through relatively flat farmlands, rather than venturing into more rugged territory as the Capitán Pastene and Recinto lines did in their upper sections and as the other two routes did throughout their lengths. It was also the first of the five to be closed, in 1954 after a tragic level crossing accident.

Its zigzag course across the valley floor also clearly illustrates that it was designed for an age in which railways could expect a monopoly of traffic wherever they ran, and where speed was therefore of no consequence. How else would anyone have planned such an indirect route from Linares to the principal traffic sources of Panimávida and Colbún? Unfortunately, within ten years of the line's construction the writing was on the wall, for lightweight petrol engines, the rubber tyre, and eventually paved roads, were destroying that monopoly for good.

The map below shows the indirect nature of the route. A larger version, complete with title and gradient profile, is available on an appendix page.

MapLinarestoColbunsmall

The route
The narrow gauge terminus was on the east side of Linares broad gauge station, from where the route set out northwards across the flat Central Valley floor for 12 km. to the first station at Yerbas Buenas. During this section the only major features were a paradero at Arrayanes and a steel girder bridge across the Río Putaran (km. 8). After Yerbas Buenas the line turned and ran due east for another 14 km through the station of Abranquil (km. 16 approx.) to Panimávida (km. 26), where another 90 degree curve led to the last stretch north again to Colbún at km. 33. One particular source of traffic was a water bottling plant adjacent to the station at Panimávida, where there was also a large hotel to enable the affluent to enjoy the hot springs or ‘Termas de Panimávida’.

Construction
The original surveyor of the route was Inj. Jerman Hurtado, and the initial construction contract was let in July 1909 to don Jerman Schneider. However, there was only slow progress, and when work stopped in October 1910 the government resolved to terminate the arrangement. After some revision of the route, particularly at the Río Putarán bridge and around Panimávida, a new contract was let to don Carlos Lanae in July 1912. He seems to have finished work in August 1914, with the line to Panimávida having opened provisionally in April of that year. Don Lanae ran trains until mid September with the DOP supervising the next few months of service running, the final transfer of the completed railway to the EFE probably taking place in 1915.

Three examples of a letterhead and stamps from the construction period. Another letterhead is visible further down the page.

LinaresColbunstamps

The plan shown here illustrates Panimávida station, with the line from Linares coming in from the right, that to Colbún going off to the left, and the water bottling plant siding at the top. NB Whilst this arrangement looks realistic, plans such as this found in old archives are not always exactly as built.

Panimavidastationplan

The next plan purports to be Colbún station, albeit somewhat distorted having been put together from two different views of a folded sheet. The distance marks on the mainline and other clues suggest that the line from Linares and Panimávida came in from the right, with the far end of what were probably two or three loops being omitted from this drawing. At the top of the plan is a siding to the warehouse of Seńores Donoso Hermanos.

Colbunstationplan

Locomotives and rolling stock

Information about the first locos and rolling stock on a branch can often be found in Ministrerio de Obras Públicas files at the Archivo de la Administración in Santiago. However, rarely does a single report give the full picture. In this case four images are shown below: the first and second are from a report during 1915; the third from a later report but which usefully records the dates of arrival of each loco; and the last from the inspecting engineer's report for 1917.

Initiallocosandstock2

It will be noted that none of the larger 0-6-2Ts of tipo a had arrived at this location.

Initiallocosandstock4

Initiallocosstock3

Initiallocosandstock

In summary, the contractor utilised a 6/7 tonne O&K from 1912 to 1913, Jung 0-4-0Ts (later tipo c) 'Fresia' and 'Guacolda' from 1913 onward, Jung 0-6-0T (later tipo b) 'Enrique Döll' from 1913 on, and a similar Henschel 0-6-0T 'Trabajadora' from 1913 or more probably 1916. Another tipo b seems to have been transferred from Saboya in December 1918, making three in total.

Whilst there was at least one tipo a 0-6-2T on the line in later years (5039), it seems likely that this was a much later arrival. Of the eight photos showing locomotives at work on the line, only two show tipo a engines, the remainder having the smaller tipo b locos. This is not really surprising; the Colbún line was much flatter than any of the others, and would not have had a pressing need for one of the few tipo a machines that were more urgently required elsewhere.

A tipo b stands at Panimávida facing towards Linares. The bench seat on top of the van behind is interesting, suggesting as it does that trains here relied on ‘palanqueros’ or brakesmen rather than on through air-braking as on the other steeper narrow gauge lines.

TipobatPanimavida

Operating the line
The only timetable found so far shows a provisional service operating as far as Panimávida during the construction period:

Provisionaltimetable

It seems that around 1918 there was also, as here, a daily mixed train during the summer months, but it only ran three times per week in winter. Whether the Sundays and holidays passenger train shown above continued at that time is unknown.

The image below shows a tipo b 0-6-0T at Linares station, with broad gauge track in the foreground. The coaches are unlike the usual Koppel well-framed vehicles and their origins and history are unknown.

Linarestipobontrain

Another view showing a tipo b, this time with an electric headlight and spark-arresting mesh over the chimney top. This would also seem to have been taken at Linares as there is a broad gauge cattle truck in the background.

LinaresColbuntipobfrontendatLInares

A mixed train approaches Panimávida from the west, and takes the curve into the station. The tipo b 0-6-0T is hauling a pair of Koppel coaches and a couple of other vehicles, one of which seems to have passengers on its roof!

Panimavidalookingwest

A long northbound train stands in Panimávida station in 1930. The tipo a 0-6-2T is hauling four Koppel coaches and another four or five goods vehicles, a stark contrast with the loads possible on the other more steeply graded lines.

Panimavidastationtrain1930

Another view of Panimávida station, from the same angle but from a little further away. The water bottling plant is visible on the left, with its siding carrying a number of bogie wagons. A southbound train for Linares is in front of the station building.

Panimavidastationlookingsouth

This very clear photo shows a 'b' class 0-6-0T on the Linares to Colbun branch, but precisely where or when are not known

TipobontrainLinaresColbun

Another type 'b' loco shown well-decorated and in charge of a van and at least three coaches. Location and occasion are unknown.

 

Classbonpasstrainwhere

 

Tipo a no. 5039 has derailed at an unknown location. This image has also been suggested as being on the Chillán to Las Termas line.

derailed

Whilst the photo below was captioned as if showing tracklifting after the closure, it actually seems to show recovery work after a number of wagons have derailed over an underbridge.

LinaresColbuntracklifting

A feature on closed local railways published in a local newspaper in 2001, showed a very poor picture of Colbún station, seemingly with a single storey building.

Colbunstation

The 1953 accident
1953 was a bad year for South American narrow gauge passengers, the disastrous coche motor derailment outside Comodoro Rivadavia also taking place early that year. In the case of the Colbún line a passenger train hit a 'colectivo' on a level crossing on 9th October, with fatal results.

The newspaper photograph below shows the loco, very possibly a tipo b 0-6-0T, on its side, and a Koppel coach to the right.

LinaresColbunaccident1953

The closure
The railway last only a few months after the accident, though a collision on a level crossing seems unlikely to have been its own responsibility. The line was closed on 20th June 1954.

Additional photos, including some showing surviving relics of the railway, can be seen in an appendix page.

Further sources of information
There may well be a library and/or a museum in Linares, which would be worth a visit.

4-5-17

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the 1922 75cm gauge lines

Chapter 6

The Chiloe Island 60cm gauge railway

Glossary

Site map

Main pages

Introduction

Construction

Locomotives

Rolling stock

Operations

Along the route

Photo album

Surviving relics

Quellon distillery

The other 60cm branches

The Capitan Pastene line

The Chillan to Las Termas line

The Linares to Colbún line

The FC Militar

Appendices

1 Itinerary of route

2 Route map and profile

3 Analysis of Chilean 60cm gauge locos

4 Loco diagrams

5 Documents from prior to construction

6 Documents during construction

7 Documents from later years

8 Rolling stock purchase

9 Linares - Colbún map

10 Capitan Pastene map

11 Cap Pastene line extras

12 Chillán extra images

13 FC Militar map etc

14 FC Militar surviving relics

15 FC Militar extra images

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