item7a AlanCrottypic3
AlanCrottypic3 RAILWAYS OF THE FAR AlanCrottypic3
item7a Patagonia, item7a RAILWAYS OF THE FAR AlanCrottypic3
item7a
AlanCrottypic3 RAILWAYS OF THE FAR
AlanCrottypic3
AlanCrottypic3 Home page Central of Chubut FCS to Neuquén FCE broad gauge EFE broad gauge Chiloe Island FCE 75cm gauge AlanCrottypic3
Estancia railways Coal  railways Ushuaia old & new The South Atlantic Salt railways Industrial lines Resources
AlanCrottypic3
item7a

The other EFE 60cm gauge branches: 1 Saboya to Lumaco and Capitán Pastene

The small town of Capitán Pastene, which even today only has a population of around 2600, lies in the forested hills north-west of Temuco, in the present-day Region IX de la Araucanía. It is famous in Chile for being a largely Italian community, formed by immigrants from Pavullo in Emilia Romagna.

It was the immigrant community which initiated the construction of a railway, under the leadership of the Sociedad Agrícola e Industrial Nueva Italia, around 1906. They hoped to build a metre gauge line from the settlement of Los Sauces, on the broad gauge EFE route south from Renaico through Angol to Traiguen. It is worth noting that even then Traiguen would probably have been the preferred junction point, being larger and closer to Capitán Pastene than Los Sauces, but deep valleys such as that of the Río Rehue made that impossible. The scheme got as far as purchasing a small locomotive and ten wagons and starting work in February 1908, before being taken over by the state and altered to become one of the several 60cm gauge branches being constructed from 1909 onward [MOBR2775]. During this process, the plans were changed to create a new junction station at Saboya, some five kilometres south of Los Sauces. This may have reduced the construction costs but it made the narrow gauge line totally dependent on connection with main-line broad gauge trains.

The route
The narrow gauge started from the junction station of Saboya, where there were transhipment facilities, and a two road loco shed and turntable within a triangle for the narrow gauge.

This plan, found in file MOBR2776 at ArNAd, shows the broad gauge from Traiguen running northward (down the map) towards Los Sauces and Angol. The narrow gauge takes off west from one side of a triangle. The track layout does not show that the loco shed contained two roads and eventually had a turntable and therefore may not be complete in other respects either.

Saboyaplan

The route takes off southwestward over the very minor ridge which at this point separates the valleys of the Río Rehue and the Río Lumaco. Once across the ridge the line turns south and eventually drops to near flood plain level, taking a largely straight course south along the eastern edge of the plain to Lumaco 22 km away. During the course of this journey there was a station provided at Centenario, and various indigenous settlements are passed around Ranquilco where there may also have been a halt.

The map below shows the broad gauge in black on the left, parallel to the Río Rehue The small town of Los Sauces is at the very bottom left. The narrow gauge is shown in red, heading south to Lumaco and then into the hills and up to Capitan Pastene. A larger version, complete with title and gradient profile, is available on an appendix page.

CapPastenemapsmall

At Lumaco the station was built on the near side of the river, though the small town was on the opposite bank, and this situation seems to have persisted even after a bridge and the second and much more difficult stage of construction – up the narrow forested valley to Capitán Pastene – had been completed.

This second stage begins with two kilometres along the flood plain, now of the tributary stream known as the ??? However, the climb then starts in earnest. The route sticks to the eastern side of the gradually narrowing valley. It steadily climbs higher, via a couple of diversions into re-entrant valleys to maintain the gradient, until in the latter stages it is high on a rock ledge above the parallel road. There is a 53m tunnel at one point through a spur.

Finally, there is another and much larger loop east into a re-entrant before the route terminates at the foot of the town of Capitán Pastene, which slopes steeply uphill to the east.

Construction
Ings. Domingo Duran and A. Manzi originally surveyed the route.

Construction of the second section began under decree 1559 of 17th August 1913, with Señores Soto y Moran as the contractors.

Excavation work in progress, possibly on the very first curve out of Saboya station, in which case the broad gauge will be running along the low embankment in the background.

CapPastenelinerailsinnewcutting

The only substantial bridge was that over the Río Lumaco betweeen the station of that name and its village. This was a six span steel structure on steel trestle piers and concrete abutments.

Lumacobridge

Construction to Lumaco was completed in the first quarter of 1914, and the line was handed over to the EFE in June of that year. Building of the second section up yo Capitán Pastene began in November 1913 but was delayed by heavy rainfall and subsequently the route was altered to minimise the risk from such events. The work was completed in January 1918.

Locomotives and stock
The original Italian-owned metre gauge loco was probably a small O&K or the equivalent. No details are known of it, and nor of its fate after the DOP take-over of the line.

During the construction period up to seven narrow gauge engines were based at Saboya. These included:
tipo b 0-6-0T locos:
1 ‘TRABAJADORA’ Henschel w/n 9851. At Saboya in 1910 and 1914. In February 1913 or March/April 1916 moved to Linares from Saboya [Reports conflict over the date].
2 ‘SABOYA' Henschel w/n 9852. At Saboya in 1910 and 1914.
21 ‘MARÍA LUISA’ Jung w/n 1856. At Saboya in 1914.
22 ‘VITALIA’ Jung w/n 1857. At Saboya in 1914. In 1919 was numbered 45 at Linares, probably having just arrived from Saboya.
Tipo c 0-4-0T locos:
26 ‘TEGUALDA’ w/n 1861. At Saboya in 1914.
27 ‘GLAURA’ w/n 1862. At Saboya in 1914.
Hanomag 0-4-0Ts:
There were five of these, of which two bore names ‘LUMACO’ and ‘CENTENARIO’ associated with the Saboya line. Certainly there was a locomotive 44 ‘LUMACO’ at Saboya in 1914 [MOBR2775]. ‘CENTENARIO’ was at Saboya in 1910 and 1911.

It is also worth noting that the contractor hired a broad gauge loco in order to shunt at Saboya during the construction work. In 1910 this was a tipo 15 4-4-0 built by Baldwin in 1874: no. 70 ‘LINARES’ BLW w/n 3520 ex FCS no. 23, ex FCCCiT no. 18. In 1911 this was replaced by tipo 31 4-4-0 no. 124 ‘PANGUILEMO’ which had been built at the EFE's Santiago workshops in 1888. Also 'VALDIVIA’, a tipo 15 4-4-0 originally built for the North & South American Construction Company, undertook this task for a while.

In later years locos were swopped between the various EFE branches in the usual way. Normally we would only have evidence of their use at specific locations from photographs. However, in 1957 a civil engineering student at the Universidad de Chile, Señor Luis Katonar Z., studied the branch for his thesis. He lists the locos based at Saboya in late 1954 as tipo a 5025 and 5038, tipo b 5041, 5044, 5045, 5056; and tipo b-1 (Hunslet 4-6-0T) 5062. Of these 5025, 5041 and 5056 were reported as being in poor condition whilst the remainder were all satisfactory.

D Trevor Rowe, one of the earliest explorers with a camera looking for obscure railways, visited this line in 1968. His photos show that tipo a no. 5058 was in use.

Tipo a no. 5059 stands at an ashing-out point with its crew. The hills behind look more substantial than those at Saboya, so this may be at Lumaco or Capitán Pastene.

CappastenebutnotatSaboya

Another tipo a on a train in a station. The shadows suggest that the loco is facing north. The building behind looks rather like the goods shed at Capitán Pastene, but the hills at that point would be rather closer and higher.

atSaboya1

This well-known image is seen here as a photograph, though it has also been copied as a pencil sketch and is often seen in that form. It apparently shows the station at Capitán Pastene looking north, with the station building on the left and the goods shed on the right. The locomotive is a puzzle. It appears to be as very small tank loco, possibly a tipo c or one of the Hanomag 0-4-0Ts, but it is highly unlikely that such a small machine would have been able to bring a train of two coaches up the steeply-graded line from Lumaco. Again the hills should be visible in the background if this was at Cap. Pastene. All things considered, it seems more likely to have been taken at Lumaco, where the goods shed was opposite the station building as seen here.

CapPastenestationusualpic

Operations
Timetables from 1913 during the construction period, and from 1954, are displayed on an appendix page. The 1954 table shows that there was a daily mixed train in each direction, and that goods trains also ran on each day except Sundays.

A great deal of information is available about the traffic flows on the branch in the 1950s, thanks to Señor Luis Katonar Z. and his university thesis. However, this needs further study beforea a summary can be displayed here.

In 1968 D. Trevor Rowe visited the line, and found tipo a locomotive 5058 ready to take a mixed train up from Saboya.

DTRoweSaboyapic

Later the same day, 5058 has returned from Capitán Pastene with its train. These images, and many others, are available from the Restoration & Archiving Trust via their website at http://www.gwrarchive.org/index.php

DTRpicatSaboyawithtrainbackfromCP
 

Saboyatrain

The pictures above and below show tipo a locos in their later guise, with high tanks and bunkers. The location of the upper photo is unknown but the lower one was clearly taken on the Río Lumaco bridge.

Lumacobridgewithtrain

A tipo a with its original low tanks has halted at a water olumn. This was probably at the paradero Ranquilco, which had a small water tank. This may have been the spot designated Marileo in the 1955 timetable.

TipoaonCapPastenetrain

Passengers wait on the platform at Capitán Pastene.

CapPastenestationplatform

Closure
The line seems to have closed for good during 1974, one of a number of branches whose services were withdrawn during the first blitz on loss-making lines by the military government. It was the last of the EFE 60 cm gauge branches to survive, the others having closed between 1954 and 1960.

Additional material related to this line, that could not be accommodated here, is displayed in Appendix 11. This includes pictures taken in 2016 showing the route as it is now.

Further resources to be investigated:
A restaurant up the hill in the centre of Capitán Pastene is supposed to have a collection of photos of the railway, but this was not open during a 2016 visit so it was not possible to see if any new views were on display.

The may well be an historical museum in the nearby town of Traiguen. This would be worth a visit.

25-2-2017

RETURN
to home page

RETURN
to top of page

NEXT PAGE
Chillán to Las Termas

NEXT CHAPTER
the 1922 75cm gauge lines

Chapter 6

The Chiloe Island 60cm gauge railway

Glossary

Site map

Main pages

Introduction

Construction

Locomotives

Rolling stock

Operations

Along the route

Photo album

Surviving relics

Quellon distillery

The other 60cm branches

The Capitan Pastene line

The Chillan to Las Termas line

The Linares to Colbún line

The FC Militar

Appendices

1 Itinerary of route

2 Route map and profile

3 Analysis of Chilean 60cm gauge locos

4 Loco diagrams

5 Documents from prior to construction

6 Documents during construction

7 Documents from later years

8 Rolling stock purchase

9 Linares - Colbún map

10 Capitan Pastene map

11 Cap Pastene line extras

12 Chillán extra images

13 FC Militar map etc

14 FC Militar surviving relics

15 FC Militar extra images

Home page Central of Chubut FCS to Neuquén FCE broad gauge EFE broad gauge Chiloe Island FCE 75cm gauge Estancia railways Coal  railways Ushuaia old & new The South Atlantic Salt railways Industrial lines Resources