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Wagons ancient and modern

The first rolling stock
Interestingly, small four-wheeled wooden wagons ('English', in one source) were amongst the first used on the line - in the construction work. Whilst this raised speculation as to whether they had been converted from early FCCC metre gauge stock, in fact these came from the Ministry of Marine at Puerto Belgrano, refurbished especially for the task of constructing the Rio Turbio route in 1950 (1). Some of them lay in Río Gallegos yard in December 2000, and the remains of a few were still visible amongst the scrap pile in May 2011.

There were apparently 190 of these wagons brought south, built around 1910 and overhauled at the former BBNO workshops in Bahía Blanca before shipment to Río Gallegos (8). Some were side opening hoppers, others conventional 'bordes altos', and a few were tankers. Their capacity was about 6 tonnes. There is still some confusion about where exactly they had worked in their earlier life, for whilst they are supposed to have carried bunker coal to the stockpiles and back to the warships at Puerto Belgrano, aka Puerto Militar, south-east of Bahía Blanca, the only 75cm gauge locos supplied to that area were a batch of Maffei 0-4-0Ts built in 1911 for use at Bahía Blanca port (Ingeniero White). Perhaps there has been some confusion between these two very close locations.

The battered remains of the ex Ministry of Marine wooden wagons at Rio Gallegos. This one had been a hopper with low-level side doors and a ridged floor, but there were other high-sided ones and even one or two small tankers.

 

MdMHopperchassis

 

A rather more complete hopper wagon, showing the bevelled lower member which would have supported the edge of the sloping floor, and the remains of hinges for the top hung low level doors.

 

SAm2000RioGall020

 

The remains of what had originally been a high side wagon with a flat floor and stanchions mid-way along each side. This one has top hung low level doors like the hopper above. This may have been a modification to suit the vehicle for ballast train use on the construction of the Río Turbio line.

 

SAm2000RioGall022

 

The chassis of a small tank wagon, showing the steel horn guides bolted onto the wooden longitudinal members.

 

SAm2000RioGall021

 

There was also a six-wheeled brake van that arrived from the same source - a most unusual wheel arrangement in the Argentine. Whilst its main frames are of steel the running gear is identical to that of the four-wheeled wagons.

 

The underframe and running gear of the brakevan still survive in the dump at Rio Gallegos in May 2011, but the bodywork has long gone. The grey lumps in the centre section of the chassis are concrete blocks, added to increase the braking power on unfitted trains. It can also be seen that this vehicle carries an autumatic coupler on at least one end.

 

A01RioGallegosscrappile005

 

Also in the dump in 2011 was this bogie/truck with very old style wheelsets with a large diameter. There is also a cantilevered bracket at this end of the bogie frame, presumably for brake gear. Wheels of this style with split spokes usually date from the nineteenth century, ie. at least fifty years before the RFIRT was built. It is difficult to think of a source of 75cm gauge bogies in Argentina from that era. Any thoughts would be very welcome.

 

A01RioGallegosscrappile004

 

A coupling on one of the Puerto Belgrano wagons. One or two of the surviving wrecks carry automatic couplers, suggesting that the changeover took place before these wooden wagons went completely out of service.

 

SAm2000RioGall024

Surplus stock from the 1922 order
Wagons and passenger vehicles from the stockpile in Puerto Madryn were also brought down by sea, to be unloaded onto Río Gallegos beach. These were built in Belgium by Familleureux. Each type of wagon is illustrated in the chapter on the 1922 empire, but Fernando Carnero also has photos of examples at Rio Gallegos on his website. Link currently (January 2011) unavailable. In the early days up to thirty wagons formed a train. As well as open wagons for the carriage of the coal, there were a number of covered vans (box-cars) and 'furgon' brake vans. Specialised vehicles included two ambulance vans, normally stored at Río Gallegos.

The passenger coaches were used for a variety of purposes: by staff, as staff living accommodation, for the miners' passenger timetable between 28 de noviembre and Rio Turbio, for passenger service during snow storms when roads were blocked, and occasionally for special charters by rail enthusiast groups or the like

The inventory at the time of privatization in 1994 listed ten very old passenger coaches, presumably all from the 1922 order. Their original FCE running numbers are unknown, though RFIRT running numbers of 103, and 4101 can seen be in photos below and a 1st class coach numbered 501 was supposedly named 'Kufun Leufú'.

SAm2000RFIRT014

The vehicle above is a 1922 Famillereux first class coach, whilst the van below is a 1922 'furgon carga' though reclad on the outside with corrugated iron and relegated to ordinary diamond/archbar bogies.

RFIRTfurgon

With the general clear out of old equipment at Rio Gallegos in 2000, the ambulance vans were moved to a hospital on the east side of town. However, by 2011 they had ended up back near the old loco shed, at the Ferro-afficionados compound.

SAm2000RFIRT074

 

As happened on other lines using the 1922 equipment, all sorts of modifications were made over the years. Here are one or two examples:

A first class coach with one end platform boxed in and windows boarded up - probably to create sleeping accomodation for staff.

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Another 'furgon carga'. As well as gaining the guard's lookout ducket allowed by the larger loading gauge, a steel sliding door from a later metre gauge Begrano van has been added at the far end.

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Bigger wagons
Just as larger engines quickly replaced the Henschel 2-8-2s, so bigger wagons were going to be needed in place of the 1922 wooden-framed stock. In 1954 a new design was developed. Tenders were invited for the supply of 660 new coal wagons, 30 vans, 20 flats, 15 tank wagons, 30 livestock wagons 6 brake vans, 2 service vans, 2 snow ploughs and a brakedown crane (2). Whilst not all of these 766 were delivered, the variety suggests that the División Carbón Mineral envisaged the railway fulfilling a number of common carrier roles as well as it coal carrying function.

The contract was won by Ferrodinie (Avellaneda, just south of Buenos Aires), and photos below show the coal tippler wagons under construction and during delivery. These are 7.8m. long, and have a loaded weight of 23 tonnes.

The following four pictures were taken at the Ferrodinie workshops and during the transfer by road and then sea to Rio Gallegos. Here is what is presumably the first wagon of the series, numbered 1001, after completion (3).

RFIRTwagonsarriving3

A batch of the new wagons await delivery.

RFIRTnewwagons1

A wagon being delivered to the dock.

RFIRTwagonsarriving1

Off the lorry and onto the ship.

RFIRTwagonsarriving2

These wagons run on a variety of bogies (trucks), latterly largely with roller bearings, and are of two main varieties, unloading by side doors or by tippler. A proportion were vacuum brake fitted so that the leading fifteen in each train could form a 'fitted head' for braking purposes. To enable easy checking that trains are complete as they pass, the last wagon of each train is a 'colero' with coloured stripes painted on the sides and ends. This system enabled the railway to do without manned brake vans, instead expecting station staff or the crews of opposing trains to check that a consist was complete.

 

The wagon below is a typical 23 tonne tippler from Ferrodinie, a worksplate and RFIRT axlebox cover are shown above. This particular vehicle has been relegated to departmental work and has gained a couple of crudely-cut side doors.

SAm2000RFIRT016

These wagons appear in a variety of guises. The next one has been turned into a locomotive water tender by making it water-tight and adding a top with fillers and a handrail. The purpose of the arrow is uncertain.

SAm2000RFIRT007

This next wagon is a 'colero', painted with red and white stripes to denote the end of the train. In this case the usual four figure wagon number is incomplete owing to the replacement of a couple of steel panels.

RFIRTcolero

Below are a variety of wagon bogies - from left an old-fashioned diamond bogie (an archbar truck to Americans), then a more recent but still conventional cast steel bogie with roller bearings, and finally a rather unusual design also using rollers.

RFIRTbogie2RFIRTbogie3

Eventually the railway found it easier to purchase old metre gauge wagons from the FC General Belgrano when it needed special-purpose vehicles. These could be easily regauged, and were usually well within the the RFIRT's generous loading gauge.

A very large steel wagon converted into a water tanker. This vehicle was apparently built at the San Antonio Oeste workshops in 1986 as a prototype for a fleet of 32 tonne high capacity wagons, but the design was not proceeded with and this one became a water tanker (4).

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A set of tank wagons also possibly from Ferrodinie in the 1950s, or purchased later from the Belgrano.

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A staff riding/living van, of unknown origin. It doesn't look like a 1922 chassis though the bogies appear to be from 1922 passenger stock, probably fitted to improve the comfort.

SAm2000RFIRT008

References:
1 The origin of the wooden wagons is given in a webpage about the RFIRT
, probably from information given by Alexis Boichetta.
2 Con corazón de carbón, by Sergio Garcia, a comprehensive study of the RFIRT in Todo Trenes magazine no 68, June 2009
3 Photos reproduced by kind permission of the Fundación Museo Ferroviario and of the Archivo General de la Nación.
4 Article by Edgardo Samoza in MDT Trenes, 11 May 1997, p6.

4-12-11

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Main pages

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Building the RFIRT

RFIRT locos

RFIRT stock

Operating the RFIRT

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The Río Turbio mines

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1 Mina Loreto extra photos

2 The RFIRT route

3 RFIRT loco details

4 RFIRT loco list

5 RFIRT route photos

6 RFIRT extra photos

7 The 'Marjory Glen' •

8 RFIRT stock list

9 Proposed Punta Arenas tramway

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Coal railways including the RFIRT

Glossary

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